Chern-Simons diffusion rate from higher curvature gravity


An important transport coefficient in the study of non-Abelian plasmas is the Chern-Simons diffusion rate, which parametrizes the rate of transition among the degenerate vacua of a gauge theory. We compute this quantity at strong coupling, via holography, using two theories of gravity with higher curvature corrections, namely Gauss-Bonnet gravity and quasitopological gravity. We find that these corrections may either increase or decrease the result obtained from Einstein’s gravity, depending on the value of the couplings. The Chern-Simons diffusion rate for Gauss-Bonnet gravity decreases as the shear viscosity over entropy ratio is increased.

In Physical Review D